Oncology is referred to a term that means dealing with tumors and cancers. The word ‘onco’ means tumor and the word logy means research. If you aren’t aware about these terms, do not fret. We are here to help you out. We are going to answer some questions you must know about oncology and cancer tumors.
What is a Cancer Tumor?
Every cell in our body have a tight regulated system which controls the growth, reproduction, maturity and death of the cells. When the cells start to grow out of control, that is when Cancer begins. There are several different types of cancers and it all starts with abnormal growth of cells. Cancer is also known as tumor. In recent times if you ask some of the best oncology doctors in India, everyone will tell you that this disease is the second big reason for death. There is an advancement in medicines and people have been cured but sometimes there is nothing that can be done.
How long has it been around for?
The oldest form of cancer was found decades ago in Egypt. It was bone tumors in human mummies and the abnormalities suggested that this was in fact cancer. Some manuscripts show that cancer has been in the world since the 3000 BC. A description in Edwin Smith Papyrus scripts show that there were conditions that were not curable and 8 different types of tumors were in existence way back then.
Role of Oncologists and Oncology?
Oncologists are tumour or cancer specialist who research and treat patients suffering from this disease. They help with diagnosis of the health problem and also staging the cancer. This often reduces the aggressive nature of the disease but sometimes it cannot be cured completely.
There are several important tools that are used when diagnosing cancer. Oncology depends on various tools like biopsy, tissue removal, microscopic observation of cells, endoscopy, X-rays, MRI scanning, radio logical technology, single photon emission computed tomography, scintigraphy, positron emission tomography and currently the most popular one nuclear medicine technology. These are the few most used techniques and tools when the process of oncology begins.
There is a long line of procedures to be followed once the cancer is detected in the patient. The best oncology surgeon in India would also agree to this fact. Sometimes people mistake that doctors and hospitals stretch the process on purpose so patients stay admitted longer but that is completely false. If proper diagnosis is not taken place step by step, you might have undetected cancer growing within your body which can spread and cause sudden death.
Is Oncology Progressing?
With tremendous researches and medicines advancing, oncology has taken a good turn. You can now find some of the best medicines in the world to cure cancer through chemotherapy treatments. There are also several other treatments that follow post or pre the chemo like optimal palliative care and pain relief.
You will be surprised to know that India has introduced so many helpful medicines for curing tumors. This is everything you need to know about oncology and how the procedure works!