Landscaping is an art of designing the living and non-living elements of a place. It has use of both art and science. The elements which form the visible part of an area of land forms, the landscape which are created and maintained in such ways as to appear beautiful. The living elements of the landscape may be plants including flora and fauna, water bodies, type of land-form etc. Plants and tree can be grown artistically which may be best suited for the landscape environment and make it impressive.
Non-living elements may be the buildings, structures and material objects installed by the human beings are add on features to support the living and natural elements of area. The land-form chosen for the designing the landscape; It form the base theme for whole landscape structure. It may be grassy, sandy or stony area or land with soil; in accordance with rest living and non-living elements are planned.
The most prominent use of landscapists is in designing the landscape of gardens, tourist spots, and various resorts, even at homes. These professional landscapists are well trained and have many professional skills in various fields of botany, forestry, soil science, hydrology and horticulture. These all above mentioned sciences are used in forming various types of landscapes. Landscapists may use different bed rocks with flower beds for designing rock their rock gardens at public parks. Different type of rocks may be river rocks with smoothed edges, volcano rocks with porous structures, colorful granite rocks with embedded chips of granite, pea rocks with smooth small round shaped pea type rocks, marble rocks with white chips of marble provides base for your flooring beds.
There may several types of landscape themes with unlimited variations involving innovative ideas and imaginations. The selection of landscape designs depends upon the geographical regions, land-form and the purpose for landscaping. Landscape is wider concept than designing. It involves the use of –
Science for growing plants,
Selection of manmade elements like type of rocks after proper study of its variety and features,
Knowledge of architecture for buildings structures,
Floriculture for use of flowers in landscaping,
Hydrology for bringing use of several attractive water bodies like lakes and fountains for creating the beautiful scenes,
Botany as it essentially involves the use of plants in its formation. It is not only the short term process but landscapists also suggest for its long term care.
Well in many countries several courses are offered for people who want to enter in the profession of landscape. These courses are especially designed to provide knowledge of all the related fields which has its use in such profession. So, those having interest in landscaping may have these courses and start their career in this profession. Some of the professional institutes in various countries provide the license for practice and regulates the certain legal considerations with the practice which may vary from country to country. Such listed and licensed professionals may be consulted for purpose of commercial and residential sites, educational institutes, public places like gardens, resorts etc. Especially gardens are very well concerned for its landscaping structure which forms the center of attraction for the visitors. Thus, construction of garden can be thought of without consultation of such professionals.
The first step in the process of Landscaping is planning a structure, which involve drawing their imaginations on paper by sketching through various pencils. Planning may involve several aspects as size of trees and herbs, type of furniture or a structure to be embedded in that area for support and choice of its color, the most suitable species of plants for that particular region and much more. While deciding everything one also must consider its neighbors that they may not suffer from any inconvenience due to them.