India has always had a cleanliness issue. Dumps of garbage and stinky sewage are nothing new here and it is in fact a matter of great embarrassment for the entire society. One of the most severe causes for such cleanliness is open defecation prevalent in most parts of the country. It is not that people willingly live under such circumstances. The problem is more complex than that. This is why even after so many decades of centralized planning; Indian cities are just getting more congested and dirtier.
Under such circumstances, the Clean India Initiative launched by the Prime Minister recently came as a breath of fresh air although many were sceptical regarding the modus operandi of the effort and the likelihood of its success. Nevertheless, this was the first time that a leader at least bothered to take on the issue instead of simply ignoring them. Naturally, the focus has now shifted to the modes and tools that can help the nation achieve the targets of these initiatives. However, before that, one must understand the nature of the problem and its causes.
Challenges against Clean India Initiative
As mentioned already, nobody will willingly live in squalor. However, the problems in India regarding cleanliness are manifolds. The primary issue here is of course that of poverty. A huge number of people are still living below poverty line in India despite economic growth in recent years. They are struggling to earn enough to eat and some of them are even homeless. So, it is highly unlikely that they will invest in clean toilets under such circumstances.
While the poverty is understandable, the most unfortunate part is that the toilet facilities in most public facilities including government run schools are in terrible shape. Especially in the smaller towns and villages it is almost impossible to find clean facilities. Apart from the apathy of the administration, a major issue here is the lack of properly designed toilets that last longer and continue to be usable with little care and this is where a bit of innovation is needed.
Scope for Mobile Toilets
This is exactly where mobile toilet manufacturers have an opportunity in India. As the government is also looking at capable private collaborators to bring this project into fruition, such companies can play a great role by making prefab toilets available in adequate numbers. Ideal portable restrooms are made of eco friendly material, boast of user-friendly design and are resistant to some typical problems such as water corrosion that destroys most of the traditional toilets in India.
Such toilets can be deployed all over the country very easily. As they are portable, they can be built at one place and dispatched, instead of looking for people to build them at remote places. They can also lead to other important solutions. For instance, research has shown that a lot of girls in the remote areas give up school after puberty simply due to lack of toilets. Such easily deployable toilets can go a long way to solving such issues.