Most of the patients who suffer from coronary artery disease need a bypass graft surgery. When they have coronary artery disease (CAD), the coronary arteries become narrow. These are the blood vessels that supply the nutrients and oxygen to the heart.
Cause for the Disease
CAD occurs due to the build-up of fatty material inside the arteries thus restricting the flow within the artery. The supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscles becomes restricted. To overcome this problem, a length of healthy artery is taken from somewhere else in the body and this is used to bypass the blocked portion of the heart. Usually, they use a piece of vein from the leg or an artery from your chest wall.
Doing the Graft Bypass Surgery in India
Most of the patients come get their medical treatment here since the coronary artery bypass graft cost in India is lower when compared to the cost in foreign countries. India is developing as a centre for medical treatment since the facilities that exist here is good. At times, the piece of artery may come from your wrist. Once this is done, the blood comes through the graft to the heart muscles.
Doing the Bypass Surgery
To begin this procedure, the surgeon will make an incision in the chest. Then, he temporarily stops the heart. The body is connected to the heart-lung bypass machine while the surgery is underway. This he does by inserting tubes into the heart. Though this technique for conducting the bypass surgery is preferred by most people, the newer methods that use less invasive techniques are gaining predominance. This off-pump procedure where the heart is not stopped was developed in the 1990s.
Symptoms of CAD
The common symptoms that indicate the need for a bypass surgery are as follows:
Abnormal rhythms of the heart
Swellings of the legs and hands
Shortness of breath
Preference for India
People prefer to do their medical treatment in India. The cost of bypass surgery in India is about $10,000 while it costs about $70,000 – $200,000 in the US or the United Kingdom. This saves the patient huge sums of money in treatment costs. The medical expertise is so advanced that it ranks second to none in the world.
Risks Associated With the Surgery
There are risks associated with the surgery. These are the normal risks and one must expect them in any case. Here are the most prominent ones:
Blood clot: These are one of the main worries. This can cause lung problems, stroke, or even a heart attack.
Pneumonia: This is another complication that might arise.
Pancreatitis: Imbalance in the blood flow might lead to this problem.
Abnormal heart rhythm: If you do not monitor the patient closely, or due to previous medical conditions, the heart beat might become erratic.
Death: This is a possibility one must always keep in mind.
Bleeding: During and after surgery there is the possibility of bleeding. This might be a small problem or become serious in which case you might need blood transfusions.
Infection: This is a problem that might happen but will not occur in a standard hospital. The incision might become infected and lead to complications.
Check with the medical service providers and your physician for advice. If you decide to go ahead with the surgery, you will need to prepare for it two to three weeks in advance.