Bladder Infection

Overview:

A Bladder Infection, commonly known as cystitis is a bacterial infection of the bladder, caused by an abnormal growth of bacteria inside the bladder. It is mostly seen in women as compared to men. At least one third of all females have experienced at least one bladder infection at some time in their lives. Doctors cannot ascertain any particular reason why this infection is more common in women than men but they suspect that it is because women have a shorter urethra; this relatively short passage makes it easier for bacteria to find their way into the bladder.

It is not a serious disease if diagnosed at the right time and is properly treated. But at times if they recur then it can be very harmful for the kidney and might even damage it.

What Causes Bladder Infection?

Various strains of E.coli bacteria living in the gut region are responsible for bladder infection. Vaginal intercourse, frequent sex, use of condoms or diaphragms increases the chances of bladder infections. The bacteria can enter the body or might develop in the bladder if it is not emptied properly at regular intervals. In men, a bladder infection is almost always a symptom of an underlying disorder and is generally a cause for concern. Even use of catheters increases the risk of a bladder infection.

Bladder Infection

Symptoms:

One of the following symptoms might indicate a bladder infection

  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Urine with a strong, foul odor or blood in urine.
  • frequent sensation of having to urinate, even when the bladder is empty
  • Lethargy, incontinence, mental confusion in the elderly person.
  • Pain, cramp or pressure in the lower abdomen or lower back region.

Diagnosis& Treatment:

The common procedures for diagnosis are urinalysis and urine culture. These determine the presence of white blood cells, red blood cells, bacteria, nitrites and other chemicals in the urine. Once the bacteria has been identified which is responsible for the infection, then testing it for antibody sensitivity is performed to find which antibody will combat the infection most effectively. Treatment is done with medications which aim to kill the bacteria and relieve pain and burning. Drink plenty of water and vitamin C (to increase the acid levels in your urine) to eliminate the bacteria quickly.

Certain lifestyles will surely help you in preventing such infections from occurring. Thus drink plenty of water, urinate as soon as you feel so and maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent bladder infection

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