There are many common forest birds at Hawaii. Some of the best locations for bird watching here are Kilauea Crater lookout at Volcanoes National Park, Koke’e State Park, Hosmer Grove, Haleakala National Park etc. The wildlife and bird watching enthusiasts flock at Hawaii during migration seasons. Further, we will discuss about some major species of Hawaiian birds, which can be frequently seen here.
There are many species of native and migrant birds at Hawaii and the major ones can be categorized into four as;
Endemic species – Birds in this category are solely confined to Hawaiian Islands.
Extirpated – Species of birds which no longer occur at Hawaii, but some other population exist elsewhere
Introduced – The bird species, which evolved as a result human interventions.
Accidental ‑ Occurrence of these species still exists based on the records, but not frequently seen.
Fulvous whistling duck is a common bird found mostly across the tropical regions. The major features of this bird are long legs, reddish brown plumage, and a long gray bill. As the name suggests, major characteristic is this bird’s capability to do loud whistling. You can hear its whistling while they are at flight or at the ground. Shallow lakes, paddy fields, and wetlands are their perfect habitat.
The Nene is also called as Hawaiian Goose, which is a special species bound to the Hawaiian Islands. As the official bird of Hawaii State, Nene is exclusively found at the islands and forests of Oahu, Kauaii, Maui, and Hawaii.
Mallard is a type of wild duck, which breeds at the subtropical Americas, Asia, Europe, and North Africa. Male Mallards can be identified with a glossy green head and gray color on belly and wings. Females have a brown speckled plumage. Mallards used to live at wetlands and eat small animals and water plants.
The Northern Shovelers is a widely seen duck variety at Hawaiian Islands. Apart from Hawaii, Northern Shovelers are also there in plenty at Hudson Bay, Great Lakes of Colorado, Oregon, and Nevada too.
Chukar Partridge is a kind of upland game bird from the pheasant family. These birds have black and white bars as painted on to their flanks and a black band starting from the forehead, going across eyes, and running down to the throat, which gives it a feel of a necklace around the white throat. These birds also feature gray breast, light brown back, and buff belly.
Black Francolin is also a game bird, which belongs to the pheasant family of Phasianidae. It was also known as Black Partridge. The birds of this species often seen at Hawaiian Islands have a curved head and brown iris eye color. The throat color is black and the birds have a unique brown pattern crown. Length is approximately 33 to 36 cm and weight about 453 g.
Apart from the above, the other major varieties of common Hawaiian birds are Wild Turkey, Horned Grebe, and Tahiti Petrel to name a few.